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13 November Top 5 Current Affairs

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Published: November 13, 2019

13 november top 5 current affairs

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India will host the 19th SCO Council of Government Heads in 2020

India will host the 19th Council of Heads of Government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in 2020. This was reported by the SCO Secretary General Vladimir Norov. This will be the first time that India will organize the high-level meeting of the eight-member economic and security bloc led by China.

About SCO
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), also known as the Shanghai Pact, was created in 2001 in Shanghai by China. In addition to China, its founding members were Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. India and Pakistan were admitted as full members in 2017. At present, SCO has four observer states namely. Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia; and has six dialogue partners namely. Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka. It is also known as Eastern Alliance. In terms of geographic coverage and population, it is the largest regional organization in the world.

SCO Summits
SCO celebrates two types of summits every year, namely. Summit of Heads of State and Summits of Heads of Government. These summits are organized in the member states. The last Summit of Heads of Government was held in Tashkent in November 2019. It was proposed at the Tashkent Summit that India would take the initiative to hold the 2020 meetings of the Heads of Government.


The government of the president imposed in Maharashtra

Due to the stagnation by the formation of the government after the polls of the assembly in the state of Maharashtra, the government of the president was imposed. The rule was imposed in accordance with article 356 (1)

The president's government has been imposed on the state for the third time in its history since its formation in 1960.

Article 356 (1)

If the President receives a report from the state governor and is convinced that a situation has arisen in which the State Government cannot preside over his duties in accordance with the provisions of the constitution, he may do so by Proclamation

Assume the functions of the State Government.
It may grant certain powers to the Governor or other agency or authority other than the State Legislature
Declare that the powers of the State Legislature can be exercised under the authority of Parliament.
President's previous rules
The president's first rule was declared in the state in 1980. This is because the then Prime Minister Smt Indira Gandhi rejected the PDF (Democratic Progressive Front) headed by Sharad Pawar.
The second president's rule was imposed in 2014 when Prithvi Raj Chavan resigned as prime minister and lost the support of an allied PCN.
Although there has been a government of the president due to political reasons in the state, this is the first time that the government of the president is imposed due to the inability of the political parties to form a government.

November 12: Public service transmission day

Every year, November 12 is celebrated as the Public Service Transmission Day to commemorate the first and only last live visit of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, to the All India Radio studio, Delhi in 1947. He addressed to those displaced from the AIR studio, who had settled temporarily in Kurukshetra in Haryana after the partition.

Public service broadcast day
The day was declared as the Public Service Transmission Day or (Jan Prasaran Diwas) in 2000, after it was conceptualized by Suhas Borker, Coordinator, Jan Prasar.

Prasar Bharati has been given responsibility for the transmission of public service, deepening democratic traditions and providing opportunities to all diverse communities and cultures.

On November 12, 1947, Gandhi decided to visit the All India Radio studio to broadcast his message on the radio, since he could not visit Partition refugees stationed at Kurukshetra in Haryana.

Public Service Broadcasting Day 2019: to commemorate the occasion, a function will be organized at the All India Radio facilities in New Delhi. The words, which Gandhi pronounced that day, became a treasure and a fragment of the speech is reproduced every year on November 12.

Thousands of dead migratory birds in the salt water lake of Sambhar, Rajasthan

Thousands of migratory birds were found dead near Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan. This is the second time that incident occurs in a week. The birds belonged to 15 species. It included Pied Avocet, Northern Shoveller, Kentish Plover, Brahminy Duck and Tufted Duck. The samples have been sent to the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases, Bhopal.

Scientists say the birds have died at different times. This means that there could be poisoning or an avian disease.

Sambhar Lake
The lake is the largest inland saltwater lake in India. It ranges from 190 to 230 square kilograms in the Jaipur district, Rajasthan. Each year, more than one lakh of migratory birds visit the lake.

However, recent development activities in the region, especially the extension of saltpeter operations, have led to fewer migratory birds that reach the lake. In addition, the birds are now migrating a month earlier compared to their usual migration time.

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Swachh- Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change of the Union (MoEF & CC) is carrying out a massive campaign of cleaning and awareness on 50 beaches identified under the program called

"Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan", from 11 to 17 November 2019

About Swachh- Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan
Objective: Strive to clean the coastal areas of the country and raise awareness among citizens about the importance of coastal ecosystems to save sea creatures from plastic debris, industrial effluents and other harmful substances.

The MoEFCC Environmental Education Division and the Integrated Coastal Management Society (SICOM) under the auspices of the Ministry will be responsible for general coordination to drive on 50 beaches. The respective state governments and central ministries will also actively participate in beach cleaning campaigns.

Beaches identified: The government has identified beaches in 10 coastal States / Territories of the Union (UT) after consultation with the respective States / UT. These are in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Puducherry, Goa, Karnataka, Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Maharashtra.

Participants: Cleaning campaigns carried out on all beaches will involve institutions, students of Eco-club schools / universities, volunteers, district administration, local communities, among others.

Nodal state agencies for green clubs will facilitate the one-week intensive cleaning campaign in the 10 states / UT. The nodal masters of the respective ecological clubs will be present at the sites throughout the cleaning campaign. To monitor the implementation of the campaign, the Ministry of Environment officials were also delegates.

Beach cleaning activities: A minimum of one kilometer section of the beach will be identified for the beach cleaning activity, in which a duration of two hours per day will be dedicated. On approximately 15 identified beaches, beach sand cleaning machines will also be deployed. From then on, the collected waste will be processed according to the existing Waste Management Rules, 2016.

At the end of the cleaning campaign, the best three beaches will be awarded along with a Certificate of Appreciation for all participating Eco-clubs.

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